October is Down Syndrome Awareness Month – Facts about Down Syndrome

What is Down Syndrome? Down syndrome is a condition in which a person has an extra chromosome. Chromosomes are small “packages” of genes in the body. They determine how a baby’s body forms during pregnancy and how the baby’s body functions as it grows in the womb and after birth. Typically, a baby is born with 46 chromosomes. Babies with Down syndrome have an extra copy of one of these chromosomes, chromosome 21. A medical […]

Down Syndrome Awareness Month

Down syndrome occurs across the human spectrum and is the most common chromosomal condition. Each year, about 6,000 babies are born with Down syndrome — a 1 in 700 chance. The prevalence of Down syndrome increases with the mother’s age. It is associated with delays in physical growth, characteristic facial features and intellectual disability. In fact, the average IQ of an adult with Down syndrome is equivalent to that of an 8-year-old. These are just […]

Top 10 facts that parents, educators and students should know

Bullying and Harassment of Students with Disabilities 1. The statistics – Students with disabilities are much more likely to be bullied than their nondisabled peers. Although only 10 U.S. studies have been conducted on the connection between bullying and developmental disabilities, all of these studies found that children with disabilities were two to three times more likely to be bullied than their nondisabled peers. (Disabilities: Insights from Across Fields and Around the World; Marshall, Kendall, […]

Bullying and Children with Disabilities and Special Health Needs

Children with disabilities—such as physical, developmental, intellectual, emotional, and sensory disabilities—are at an increased risk of being bullied. Any number of factors— physical vulnerability, social skill challenges, or intolerant environments—may increase the risk. Research suggests that some children with disabilities may bully others as well. Kids with special health needs, such as epilepsy or food allergies, also may be at higher risk of being bullied. Bullying can include making fun of kids because of their […]

Cultivating Executive Function In Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

What is Executive Function? Babies and little children typically react to any stimulus they encounter in a manner that is impulsive, concrete and present-oriented. They have not yet developed organized play and so they engage in a kind of sensory “muck-about”, going from one stimulus to the next, impulsively putting their hands in things and putting things in their mouths. Their play is often disorganized and repetitious. As children develop, however, they are increasingly able […]